4 Cardinal Points (Turismo Ornitológico)
4 Cardinal Points Tour
Uruguay is a small country in Southern South America. It is approximately 600 kilometers wide and 600 long. In this small territory come together many different environments; the Pampas from Argentina, the Atlantic Forest from Brazil, wetlands, ocean coasts, countless rivers, grasslands, ravines and range of hills, palm tree forests, and many others. This particularity results in a great diversity of bird species that can be seen easily, in a short time, and in short distances. The territory is also an important feeding and breeding destination for many migrant species that come in summer and winter, from North and South of the continent. On the other hand, Uruguay is underexplored by science; biologists are still finding new species of flora and fauna. Many new bird records have taken place since the last years until now.
On this tour you will visit the most important hotspots for birdwatching. Every National Park and the majority of the Important Bird Areas in Uruguay are included in this itinerary. Two of the principal 13 destinations on this tour are recently explored by science: Rincón de Franquía and Paso del Centurión are relatively new protected areas where biologists are still researching on flora and fauna. Many new bird species have been recorded in these areas since the last 3 years until now, what have increased the number of bird species recorded to Uruguay. The small village of Paso del Centurión hadn´t run water or electricity until the year 2017. There isn’t any hotel in the area, that is why we will stay at 100 Km, in the Capital City of Melo. On the other hand, Rincón de Franquía is surrounded by agricultural fields on the Uruguayan side and by another protected area on the Brazilian side; Espinilhos State Park. The only accommodation is found in Bella Unión, a small Uruguayan city a few kilometers to South. The rest of the locations on this tour are more popular and accommodations are much closer to the birding spots and away from the cities. In every hotel you will get WiFi, A/C and delicious food, including vegetarian options. By the end of the tour can be seen over 250 bird species of the 455 recorded to Uruguay.
Some bird to be seen on this tour: Anhinga, Greater Ani, Rufous-capped Antshrike, Variable Antshrike, Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Crested Becard, Green-backed Becard, White-winged Becard, Stripe-backed Bittern, Chestnut-capped Blackbird, Chopi Blackbird, Saffron-cowled Blackbird, White-browed Blackbird, Yellowwinged Blackbird, Great Black-Hawk, Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Crested Black-Tyrant, Lark-like Brushrunner, Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Brown Cacholote, Golden-winged Cacique, Solitary Black Cacique, Red-rumped Cacique, Short-billed Canastero, Chimango Caracara, Southern Caracara, Yellowheaded Caracara, Red-crested Cardinal, Yellow Cardinal, Yellow-billed Cardinal, Rufous Casiornis, Barwinged Cinclodes, Red-fronted Coot, Red-gartered Coot, White-winged Coot, Neotropic Cormorant, Bay-winged Cowbird, Screaming Cowbird, Shiny Cowbird, Red-and-white Crake, Rufous-sided Crake, Ash-colored Cuckoo, Dark-billed Cuckoo, Guira Cuckoo, Squirrel Cuckoo, Striped Cuckoo, Crested Doradito, Warbling Doradito, Eared Dove, Rock Dove, White-tipped Dove, Cattle Egret, Great Egret, Snowy Egret, Highland Elaenia, Large Elaenia, Olivaceous Elaenia, Small-billed Elaenia, Yellow-billed Elaenia, Purple-throated Euphonia, Golden-rumped Euphonia, Aplomado Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Redcrested Finch, Saffron Finch, Firewood-gatherer, Chilean Flamingo, Campo Flicker, Bran-colored Flycatcher, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Cliff Flycatcher, Euler's Flycatcher, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Fuscous Flycatcher, Short-crested Flycatcher, Streaked Flycatcher, Suiriri Flycatcher, Swainson's Flycatcher, Variegated Flycatcher, Vermilion Flycatcher, Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner, Magnificent Frigatebird, Common Gallinule, Spot-flanked Gallinule, Masked Gnatcatcher, Rufous Gnateater, Hudsonian Godwit, American Golden-Plover, European Goldfinch, Lesser Grass-Finch, Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch, Blue-black Grassquit, Great Grebe, Pied-billed Grebe, White-tufted Grebe, European Greenfinch, Indigo Grosbeak, Ultramarine Grosbeak, Picui Ground-Dove, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Dusky-legged Guan, Brown-hooded Gull, Grey-headed Gull, Kelp Gull, Cinereous Harrier, Long-winged Harrier, Bicolored Hawk, Crane Hawk, Harris's Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Savanna Hawk, Sharp-shinned Hawk, White-tailed Hawk, Cocoi Heron, Striated Heron, Whistling Heron, Rufous Hornero, Gilded Hummingbird, White-throated Hummingbird, Blue-tufted Starthroat, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Bare-faced Ibis, Buff-necked Ibis Ibis, White-faced Ibis, Wattled Jacana, Plush-crested Jay, American Kestrel, Tropical Kingbird, Amazon Kingfisher, Green Kingfisher, Ringed Kingfisher, Great Kiskadee, Snail Kite, White-tailed Kite, Southern Lapwing, Limpkin, Brown-and-yellow Marshbird, Yellow-rumped Marshbird, Brown-chested Martin, Grey-breasted Martin, Common Miner, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Black-and-white Monjita, Black-crowned Monjita, Grey Monjita, White Monjita, Austral Negrito, Common Nighthawk, Nacunda Nighthawk, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Band-winged Nightjar, Little Nightjar, Scissor-tailed Nightjar, Spotted Nothura, Variable Oriole, Osprey, Barn Owl, Burrowing Owl, Great Horned Owl, American Oystercatcher, Great Pampa-Finch, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, White-eyed Parakeet, Tropical Parula, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Picazuro Pigeon, Spot-winged Pigeon, Yellow-billed Pintail, Correndera Pipit, Short-billed Pipit, Collared Plover, Rosy-billed Pochard, Common Potoo, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, Plumbeous Rail, Spotted Rail, Long-tailed Reed-Finch, Curve-billed Reedhaunter, Straightbilled Reedhaunter, Greater Rhea, Wren-like Rushbird, Many-colored Rush-Tyrant, Golden-billed Saltator, Green-winged Saltator, Greyish Saltator, Baird's Sandpiper, Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Pectoral Sandpiper, Upland Sandpiper, White-rumped Sandpiper, Southern Screamer, Long-tufted Screech-Owl, Tropical Screech-Owl, Dark-throated Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, Marsh Seedeater, Rustycollared Seedeater, Red-legged Seriema, Hooded Siskin, Black Skimmer, Common Snipe, House Sparrow, Rufous-collared Sparrow, Grassland Sparrow, Chicli Spinetail, Chotoy Spinetail, Sooty-fronted Spinetail, Stripe-crowned Spinetail, Sulphur-bearded Spinetail, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Roseate Spoonbill, Blacknecked Stilt Stilt, Maguari Stork, Wood Stork, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Blue-and-white Swallow, Rough-winged Swallow Southern, Tawny-headed Swallow, White-rumped Swallow, Black-necked Swan, Coscoroba Swan, Blue-and-yellow Tanager, Chestnut-backed Tanager, Diademed Tanager, Fawnbreasted Tanager, Hepatic Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Brazilian Teal, Ringed Teal, Silver Teal, Yellow-billed Teal, Common Tern, Large-billed Tern, Royal Tern, Sandwich Tern, Snowy-crowned Tern, Sout, American Tern, Yellow-billed Tern, Freckle-breasted Thornbird, Greater Thornbird, Creamy-bellied Thrush, Rufousbellied Thrush, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Red-winged Tinamou, Tufted Tit-Spinetail, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Surucua Trogon, Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Sooty Tyrannulet, White-crested Tyrannulet, Cattle Tyrant, Spectacled Tyrant, Yellow-browed Tyrant, Red-eyed Vireo, Black Vulture, Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Turkey Vulture, Golden-crowned Warbler, White-browed Warbler, Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch, Black-capped Warbling-Finch, Red-rumped Warbling-Finch, Black-backed Water-Tyrant, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Chiloe Wigeon, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Planalto Woodcreeper, Scimitar-billed Woodcreeper, Cream-backed Woodpecker, Green barred Woodpecker, White Woodpecker, White-fronted Woodpecker, Whitespotted Woodpecker, Chekered Woodpecker, White-browed Woodpecker, Mottled Piculet, Whitebarred Piculet, Giant Wood-Rail, Grey-necked Wood-Rail, House Wren, Bay-capped Wren-Spinetail, Grassland Yellow-Finch, Greater Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellowlegs, Masked Yellowthroat.
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